Main Episode 1

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Episode 1: Introduction

In this space you will find material that I think would help someone unfamiliar with the Iranian culture and history to better understand the  podcast. The material includes a list of person/place/thing names and a brief description of each, any maps, or pictures of interesting art and artifact.

For this episode, the following is a list of person/place/thing in the intro episode:

  • Ardavan, Ardavan IV, also referred as Artabanus and Artawan, the last monarch of the Arsacid Empire.
  • Ardashir I, the first Sasanian emperor who defeated Ardavan in 224 in battle and established the Sasanian dynasty.
  • Caliphate, the Islamic Empire based first in Damascus and then in Baghdad. The Caliphate replaced the Sasanian Empire in West Asia.
  • Ctesiphon, or Tisiphone, or Tisphun, near the modern city of Baghdad in Iraq, was a major city in both the Arsacid and Sasanian eras.
  • Derafsh Kavian, the battle flag of Iranshahr during the Sasanian reign.
  • Iranshahr, what the Sasanians called their domain.
  • Istaxr, Estakhr, the capital of Pars, or Parsa, or Persis, or Persia, a satrapy or kingdom in southern Iranshahr, near the modern city of Shiraz and the ruins of Persepolis.
  • Khosrow II, the 29th Sasanian king, died in 628.
  • Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, the last monarch of Iran, deposed in 1979.
  • Persepolis, about an hour’s drive northeast of the modern city of Shiraz in south central Iran, was the ceremonial capital of the Achaemenid dynasty.
  • Satrapy, a province ruled by a satrap.
  • Shah, a king.
  • Shahan Shah, the King of Kings.
  • Yazdegerd III, last Sasanian monarch, died in 651. His death ended the Sasanian Empire and began the Caliphate.

Below is a map of the Sasanian Empire that shows their territory between 226-651 CE. The light blue shows the greatest extent it advanced during its rule. For example, the rule over Egypt and Anatolia was very short lived. The dark blue is the territory that the Sasanians held firmly during their rule until the Arab invasion of the 7th Century.

Source: https://www.ancient.eu/Sasanian_Empire/

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